History and culture

The prince education in Qing Dynasty

Author:  Source: http://en.qingxiling.com/history/n704.html   Time:2015-08-10

The prince is a special class of feudal dynasty, Dynasty bears a continuation of blood and inheritance of the national regime responsibility. After the Qing Dynasty twelve emperor Tongzhi and Guangxu, Xuantong, except no son, the other nine were emperor Prince 113 family. In order to cultivate to govern the country's heir to the throne, to consolidate the dominance of Aixinjueluo family, Qing Dynasty developed a very strict system of Prince. Qing emperor, commonly known as the elder brother, they since birth is dense ritual wrapped up, also lost the affection and freedom of ordinary people, received a strict education system. Is this almost harsh education system, created the Qing Dynasty, many people maingrowth and colonial secretary. A prince has very high attainments in calligraphy, painting, poetry, astronomy, writing etc.. To lay a solid foundation for the intellectual foundation of the Qing Dynasty.

One day down, auspicious, the prince was born

According to the records of the history of the Qing Dynasty, the emperor before the birth, will be auspicious sign, auspicious, the mother or Jinlong around the body, or dream of earning my arms, or the dream gods give children, indicating the emperor was born, the divine right of kings.

Two, the young student, study hard

The prince should enter the study of reading and learning at the age of 5, every moment (at 3-5) in the school, the school (17-19). There is only 5 days a year, a year. Although his sons are not required to take the imperial examination, but also hard than ordinary children.

Three, Guang Xi talent, Broadcom history

Every morning, prince in the master of the study under the guidance of learning, classics, history, poetry and prose poems, minors in calligraphy and painting calendar. In addition, we should also learn from the Manchu, Mongolian, Tibetan and Chinese. The way to cultivate their cultural and artistic accomplishment comprehensively.

Four, advocating martial arts, practicing archery

Study on Manchu and Mongolia family "and as" Professor qi. Every day after 15, the emperor's the sonses began learning martial arts courses, in addition to archery and shotgun, swords equipment, firearms and boxing.

Five, energy-saving, political marriage

The prince are generally up to 15 years old, went to the marriage age. Wedding and wedding ceremony held in the Forbidden City, is next to the emperor's grand wedding ceremony. The prince's wife wife, Fujin by emperor James refers to marriage, the prince's marriage has very strong political color.

Six, older knighted, branch government in

Prince Prince 15 years old can qualify for the conferment, received a knighthood, but also obtain the official residence of the emperor of the gift, from the palace in move out to live, referred to as the "palace." The teacher also live in the house with the prince, to continue academic counseling.


Seven, hunting tour, exercise skills


Every emperor to Nanyuan Wai or Mulan Xian (Xi n), the prince will escort accompanying, to participate in the round shot, an assessment of their horsemanship and archery Kung Fu, as the emperor's the sonses provide opportunities in the "real" learning exercise.

Eight, participation in politics, the growth of Cai Gan

The Qing Dynasty attaches great importance to the study and practice of exercise of the prince. By letting the emperor's the sonses acted as its main and participating in state affairs, public feelings of experience and observe, governance, the rate of the military campaign, and so on, so as to continuously improve the actual capability they govern theempire.

Nine, the rule of King rare gifts and bold strategy,

Most of the Qing Dynasty Prince Wenwushuangquan, overall quality was better than that of the Ming Dynasty, especially the history of Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong, king, created the prosperity Kangxi and Qianlong "in Chinese feudal history.

Ten, people can help fathers, Morrison

The most excellent prince, be assisted and brachial femoral officials, play a decisive role in the political arena in the Qing dynasty. The Prince Li Rui, and similar Prince Dagon, Prince Yi Yunxiang, is one of the outstanding representatives.

Eleven, Baoguo Ampang, into battle

Qing Taizu Zhao Xing northeast, Dingding Zhongyuan open border enlarge land, many princes become gallop across the battlefield, veteran, become the illustrious military exploits of the generals. Such as: the son of Nur Ha Che, the son of Dodo Shunzhi, the son of Kangxi, YUNTI etc..

Twelve, literary art, romantic Aston

There are so many poems and paintings known to the world famous late Qing dynasty. Such as: permanent Xing painter Yun Xi, calligrapher and allow for well-being, Yunlu, proficient in drama temperament, astronomy, calendar, is an author of many temperament, calendar, arithmetic, astronomy of important works.

Thirteen, to maintain the adoptive offshoot, Huang pulse

Emperor near Wang Gongzhong, if the title no inheritance, the emperor will Prince be xijue, so that both can be a continuation of the blood Royal tribe, avoid the devolution of kingship, and the prince get off the throne and property.

Knot


A minority to Dingding Zhongyuan, expanding its territory, governing China, creating a feudal society and a brilliant and flourishing age, lasted for nearly three centuries of dynastic rule, in addition to the special historical background, military, political and other factors, we have to admit that the role and influence of the Qing Dynasty strict imperial education system, by the strict education to cultivate the core characters of one outstanding Qing Dynasty senior ruling group.


Education is the foundation, talent is the hope. Prince of Qing Dynasty's education system from either the form to the content of objective despite the limitations of its unique history, class, nationality, but pay attention to this and not arrogant inertial educational attitude, strict and do not indulge in the education system is more successful. In the reform and opening up, the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation today, how to cultivate our successors, so that they can carry forward the cause and forge ahead into the future, shoulder the historical responsibility, Prince education in Qing Dynasty is undoubtedly worthy of our reference.